tunisia climate wikipedia

    Tunisia is situated in the warm temperate zone between latitudes 37° and 30° N. In the north the climate is Mediterranean, characterized by mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers with no marked intervening seasons. Chokri Gharbi, La métamorphose d'une capitale au cœur de la Méditerranée. The roads also connect with Carthage, emphasising its political and economic importance not only in Tunisia but more widely in North Africa and the Mediterranean Sea in ancient times. Various sources estimate the 19th-century population to have ranged from 90,000 to 110,000 inhabitants. Under French rule, a substantial number of Europeans settled (like the Tunisian Italians); half of the population was European in origin. In a very short time, the colonial city transformed rapidly. Tunis has some large parks, many of which were installed at the end of the 19th century by the authorities of the French protectorate. Located near the Bab Souika, the neighborhood of Halfaouine which gained international attention through the film 'Halfaouine Child of the Terraces'. He felt very lonely and could not hold back the tears coming from his eyes. The capital is also linked to its northern suburbs by the railway line that crosses the lake, dividing the lake into two. Decolonization led to the exodus of some European minorities whose numbers dwindled every year. In the economic sphere, commercial activities expanded and diversified as modern industries continued to grow, while traditional industry continued to decline. The creation of the French protectorate in 1881 was a turning point in Tunis's history, leading to rapid redevelopment of the city in the span of two to three decades. [15][18] With the rise of the Zirid dynasty Tunis gained importance, but the Sunni population tolerated Shi'ite rule less and less, and carried out massacres against the Shi'ite community. A legacy of the French presence in the country remains, and the city retains many French schools, the most important being the Lycée Pierre Mendes-France at Mutuelleville. The Palestine Liberation Organization also had its headquarters in Tunis, from 1982 to 2003. Tunis has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification Csa), characterized by hot and dry, prolonged summers and mild winters with moderate rainfall. As the city has grown and native Tunisians gradually began to replace the extensive European population, conflict between the Arab city and the European city has gradually decreased with the arabization of the population. Also to the north is the long Avenue Mohamed V, which leads to the Boulevard of 7 November through the neighborhood of the big banks where there are hotels and Abu Nawas Lake and finally to the Belvedere area around the place Pasteur. Country: Tunisia, City: Sousse. USAID staff and other development practitioners may find this information useful for climate risk management and for considering the linkages between climate change and development. [91], Parts of this article (those related to the city's economy) need to be, Development under the French protectorate. Environment The quiet environmental disaster in Tunisia. But east of the original nucleus, first with the construction of the French Consulate, the modern city was built gradually with the introduction of the French protectorate at the end of the 19th century, on open land between the city and the lake. Tunis (Arabic: تونس‎ Tūnis) is the capital and largest city of Tunisia. Climate information for Tunisia including average temperature, rain and snowfall totals. Early on, Tunis played a military role; the Arabs recognized the strategic importance of its proximity to the Strait of Sicily. After 1591, the Ottoman governors (Beys) were relatively independent, and both piracy and trade continued to flourish. The first animated film was shown in Tunis by the Lumiere brothers as early as 1896. The total length of the network will eventually be in the range of 84 km (52 mi). Climate information with charts. [61] Six new gates were built including Bab El Khadra, Bab Saadoun, Bab El Allouj (initially called Bab Er-Rehiba), Khalid or Bab Bab Sidi Abdallah Cherif, Bab El Fellah and Bab Alioua. The areas of northern Tunisia that draw the most tourists have a typical Mediterranean climate, with hot, dry summers and mild, occasionally rainy winters. The north of Tunisia has a typical Mediterranean climate with hot summers and mild and rainy winters. [38][39] The month of November marks a break in the general heat with average temperatures ranging from 11 °C (52 °F) to 20 °C (68 °F). Habib Thameur garden in Tunis has a central pond and flower beds. Climate - Tunisia. The northern end supports the football club of Esperance Sportive de Tunis while at the other end is the rival Club Africain. At the time, the Sultan of Tunis was Abu Yahya and during Ibn Battuta's stay, the Festival of the Breaking of the Fast was taking place. [7], The historical study of Carthage is problematic. On 18 March 2015, two gunmen attacked the Bardo National Museum and held hostages. The main company that operates it is one of the oldest in the country and they are generally descendants of Andalusian immigrants expelled from Spain. Climate information about Tunis including avg. The EST is supported by the majority of the masses, while the CA, a poorer club, is supported by the others. In March temperatures may vary between 8 °C (46 °F) and 18 °C (64 °F), and between 13 °C (55 °F) and 24 °C (75 °F) in May. Climate Change Information Climate Risk Profile: Tunisia (2018, 7 pages) [90] In 2008, the government announced the start of construction of a large sports complex that will include several sports academies, a 20,000-seat stadium, and a swimming centre. Elle est gérée par l'ambassade du Royaume-Uni à Tunis. Film producers and cinema have long been present in the city of Tunis. [66] The park covers an area of more than one hundred hectares across roads that can be explored on foot or by car. Taking advantage of divisions within the ruling house, Algerians captured Tunis in 1756 and put the country under supervision. 1600s - Tunisia becomes part of the Turkish Ottoman empire, but has a high degree of autonomy. [63] The Sidi Mahrez Mosque is the largest mosque Hanafi mosque in terms of area but not the tallest. Both gunmen were killed by Tunisian police. The winters are rainier than the summers in Tunis. The city lies on a similar latitude as the southernmost points of Europe. In spring, rainfall declines by half. These hills contain places such as Notre-Dame de Tunis, Ras Tabia, La Rabta, La Kasbah, Montfleury and La Manoubia with altitudes just above 50 metres (160 feet). To traditional industry and trade with distant lands was added the activity of the Barbary pirates, then in their golden age. In 1985, the PLO's headquarters was bombed by Israeli Air Force F-15s, killing approximately 60 people. This went on for a while until one of the pilgrims realized he was upset, he went up and greeted and talked to Ibn until he entered the city. [63] Ksar Mosque, also of the Hanafi rite, is located in front of Dar Hussein (Bab Menara) and was built in the 12th century. The gaps created by their departure were filled by Tunisians who emigrated to Tunis from other parts of the country. Housed in a former home of a Hafsid scholar, the library of the Khaldounia was founded in 1896 along with the creation of the educational institution. Local opposition to the authorities began to intensify in September 945, when Kharijite insurgents occupied Tunis, resulting in general pillaging. [4][5], Another possibility is that it was derived from the Berber verbal root ens which means "to lie down" or "to pass the night". Some scholars relate it to the Phoenician goddess Tanith ('Tanit or Tanut), as many ancient cities were named after patron deities. The capital is home to a large number of mosques in various architectural styles, signs of construction of their respective eras. Other arts are also represented in the capital. The axis to the structure of this part of the city is the Avenue Habib Bourguiba, designed by the French to be a Tunisian form of Champs-Élysées in Paris with its cafes, major hotels, shops and cultural venues. In his travel account, when Ibn Battuta and his group arrived in Tunis, the population of the city came out to meet him and the other the members of his party. You can expect the combination of African and Mediterranean climate. [88] The city further put itself onto the international basketball map as it hosted the FIBA Africa Championship 1965 and the FIBA Africa Championship 1987. The average annual temperature is 18.1 °C | 64.6 °F in Tunis. From the beginning of the 8th century Tunis was the chef-lieu of the area: it became the Arabs' naval base in the western Mediterranean Sea, and took on considerable military importance. An abrupt southward turn of the Mediterranean coast in northern Tunisia gives the country two distinctive Mediterranean coasts, west–east in the north, and north–south in the east. In addition, unemployment is high in young people aged 18 to 24, with one in three unemployed as compared to one in six at the national level. [29], Having succeeded in driving the Axis powers out of Tunisia, the Allies used Tunis as a base of operations from which to stage amphibious assaults first against the island of Pantelleria, and then Sicily, and finally the mainland of Italy.[30]. The 2008 budget adopted by the City Council is structured as follows: 61.61 million dinars for operations and 32,516 million dinars for investment. A new mass transit was planned for Greater Tunis in 2009. The city had the natural advantage of coastal access, via the Mediterranean, to the major ports of southern Europe. [84] In the 21st Century, the port of Tunis underwent further transformation with a marina as part of the redevelopment district of La Petite Sicile. However, following the Battle of Lepanto in 1571, the Spanish under John of Austria succeeded in retaking the city and re-establishing the Hafsid sovereign in October 1573. Souk El Berka leads to Souk El Leffa, a souk that sells many carpets, blankets and other weavings, and extends with the Souk Es Sarragine, built in the early 18th century and specializing in leather. An abrupt southward turn of the Mediterranean coast in northern Tunisia gives the country two distinctive Mediterranean coasts, west–east in the north, and north–south in the east Further east by the sea lie the suburbs of Carthage, La Marsa, and Sidi Bou Said. In April 1655 the English admiral Robert Blake was sent to the Mediterranean to extract compensation from states that had been attacking English shipping. The Métro léger de Tunis network has extended gradually since then to reach the suburbs. Attached to El Attarine are two other souks: the first, which runs along the western coast of the Al-Zaytuna Mosque, is the Souk El Kmach which is noted for its fabrics, and the second, the Souk El Berka, which was built in the 17th century and houses embroiderers and jewelers. In total, there are three Greek Orthodox and two Russian Orthodox parishes in Tunisia. Tunis has been the capital of Tunisia since 1159. A 60,000-seat stadium was also built in Radès for the Mediterranean Games in 2001 at an estimated cost of 170 million dinars, with nearly half of the loans financed by South Korean businessmen. In addition, private training institutes include the Open University of Tunis, the Central University Private Business Administration and Technology, the Graduate School of Private Engineering and Technology, and the North African Institute of Economics and Technology. Cette dernière est construite sur ordre du souverain Romdhane Bey en 1696 pour y inhumer la dépouille de sa mère d'origine italienne et de culte protestant. Given the valuable items it sells, it is the only souk whose doors are closed and guarded during the night. رانة The average annual temperature is 18.1 °C | 64.6 °F in Tunis. The isthmus between them is what geologists call the "Tunis dome", which includes hills of limestone and sediments. The main conflicts and potentially destructive human behavior has been experienced in the city occurred relatively recently following the country's independence which it why it made into a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1979. Of these Douz, south of Kebili, is the most famous Saharian destination of Tunisia (known as the Sahara Gate). About 448 mm | 17.6 inch of precipitation falls annually. [85] The capital is home to approximately 40% of the cars in Tunisia, with 700,000 cars on average used in the city per day. East of the medina through the Sea Gate (also known as the Bab el Bhar and the Porte de France) begins the modern city, or Ville Nouvelle, traversed by the grand Avenue Habib Bourguiba (often referred to by media and travel guides as "the Tunisian Champs-Élysées"), where the colonial-era buildings provide a clear contrast to smaller, older structures. Old buildings have gradually been renovated and upgraded and new buildings have come to influence the urban landscape. At midday on 20 May 1943, the Allies held a victory parade on Avenue Maréchal Galliéni, and Avenue Jules Ferry, to signal the end of fighting in North Africa. Exposed to violence from the hostile tribes that settled around the city, the population of Tunis repudiated the authority of the Zirids and swore allegiance to the Hammadid prince El Nacer ibn Alennas, who was based in Béjaïa, in 1059. In summer temperatures can rise above 40 degrees Celsius (104° Fahrenheit). The climate of the country, similar to the topography, is greatly varied. Following the municipal elections of 6 May 2018, Ennahdha obtained 21 seats out of 60. Between 1928 and 1955 the city hosted nine rounds of the Grand Prix of Tunis, where notable drivers such as Marcel Lehoux, Achille Varzi, Tazio Nuvolari and Rudolf Caracciola took part. In addition, groundwater is easily accessible through the drilling of deep wells, providing water for the different agriculture crops. Southwest of the Medina, on the crest of the hills across the Isthmus of Tunis, is the Montfleury district then on down to the foothills of Séjoumi, the poor neighborhood of Mellassine. The area became the capital of a powerful kingdom during the Hafsid era, and was considered a religious and intellectual home and economic center for the Middle East, Africa and Europe. Sousse, Tunisia - Current weather, an hourly forecast for today, tomorrow, detailed 10-day weather forecast and long range monthly outlook. The east coast, from the Gulf of Hammamet towards the south, receives little rainfall, which decreases from north to south, to the point that the southernmost part … In autumn, it begins to rain, often with short thunderstorms, which can sometimes cause flash floods or even flood some parts of the city. As all of these Berber villages were situated on Roman roads, they undoubtedly served as rest-stations or stops. The city quickly spread out of its fortifications: it divided into a traditional Arab-populated old city, and a new city populated by immigrants, with a different structure from that of the traditional medina. The sunshine becomes dominant in May when it reaches 10 hours a day on average. The climate can be divided into two major areas, the north, influenced by the Mediterranean, and the south, influenced by the Saharan desert. The Sahara Desert covers 40% of Tunisia. Compared to the ancient ruins of Carthage, the ruins of ancient Tunis are not as large. (climate and weather in tunisia) A jagged spit of land extending from the Mediterranean Sea into North Africa, sandwiched between Algeria and Libya, Tunisia is a popular package tour destination offering hot, sunny beach holidays and excursions into the Sahara desert. « Grand Prix historique de Tunis : un rendez-vous magique », Statistiques du sport en Tunisie (Ministère de la jeunesse, des sports et de l'éducation physique), "أخبار تونس: آخر الأخبار الوطنية والجهوية على راديو موزاييك", Coopération internationale (Municipalité de Tunis), "Acordos de Geminação, de Cooperação e/ou Amizade da Cidade de Lisboa", The Municipality of Tunis official website, Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha, An unrecognised or partially-recognised nation, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tunis&oldid=996450452, Mediterranean port cities and towns in Tunisia, Populated places established in the 2nd millennium BC, Articles with French-language sources (fr), Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with possible demonym list, Official website different in Wikidata and Wikipedia, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2020, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2013, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from August 2017, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Articles needing additional references from January 2009, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2006, Articles needing additional references from March 2015, Articles with Arabic-language sources (ar), Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Source 1: Institut National de la Météorologie (precipitation days/humidity/sun 1961–1990), This page was last edited on 26 December 2020, at 18:07. [9], Ruins of the Baths of Antoninus in Carthage, The Lady of Carthage mosaic, one of the major surviving pieces of Byzantine art in modern Tunisia, Tunis was originally a Berber settlement. Primary industry such as agriculture, however, is active in specialized agricultural areas on the suburbs, particularly in the wine and olive oil industries. In 2007 that increased to 6 million passengers with a rise in tourism to the city.[83]. Climate data and weather averages in Tunis. The terminal had 4.4 million passengers (35.98% of total airport traffic in the country) in 2006. Tunis is a center of Tunisian culture. The Tunis lies on 3m above sea level The climate here is mild, and generally warm and temperate. [6] The term Tunis can possibly mean "camp at night", "camp", or "stop", or may have referred to as "the last stop before Carthage" by people who were journeying to Carthage by land. In the early 14th century, Hafsid Darba Abû al-Muhammad al-Mustansir Lihyânî ordered the construction of a second chamber including the Medina and two suburbs outside. Its population grew by additions from various ethnicities, among which were Moorish refugees from Spain, and economic activities diversified. [70] This group contributed to the rise to stardom of numerous Tunisian singers, including Oulaya. Here are some average weather facts we collected from our historical climate data: During the month of March, April and November you are most likely to experience good weather with pleasant average temperatures that fall between 20 degrees Celsius (68°F) and 25 degrees Celsius (77°F). The Greater Tunis area has an area of 300,000 hectares, 30,000 of which is urbanized, the rest being shared between bodies of water (20,000 hectares of lakes or lagoons) and agricultural or natural land (250,000 hectares). April is an agreeable spring month in Tunis, Tunisia, with temperature in the range of an average high of 22.4°C (72.3°F) and an average low of 12.8°C (55°F). [63], The presence of modern churches in Tunis are also testimony to the French presence for half a century. Al Hamra was one of the most famous theaters in the capital during the 1930s and 1940s. Judaism, meanwhile, enjoys a long tradition of presence in the city despite the emigration of a large part of the community after independence. Walls were built to protect the emerging principal town of the kingdom, surrounding the medina, the kasbah and the new suburbs of Tunis. It lies between latitudes 30° and 38°N, and longitudes 7° and 12°E. The climate of Tunisia varies with location but the north is mainly temperate and it has mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers. These writers belonged to peoples in competition, and often in conflict, with Carthage. The city became the capital of a Hafsid kingdom stretching towards Tripoli and Fez. The Théâtre municipal de Tunis, opened on 20 November 1902, showcases opera, ballet, symphonic concerts, drama, etc. Among the high schools in the capital, the best-known are the Lycée de la Rue du Pacha (founded 1900), Lycée Bab El Khadhra, Lycée de la Rue de Russie, Lycée Bourguiba (formerly Lycée Carnot de Tunis), and the Lycée Alaoui. Annual Weather Averages Near Tunis. At the beginning of the 18th century, Tunisia entered into a new period in its history with the advent of the Husainid dynasty. The soils are heavy and contain limestone in the north but are lighter and sandy containing clay in the south. الكرم Tunisia is famous for hot and dry summers and mild winters in most regions. Furthermore, along the boulevards, the contribution of the architectural period 1850–1950 can be felt in the buildings, such as the government buildings of the nine ministries and the headquarters of the municipality of Tunis. [72] The National School of Circus Arts was founded following a meeting between the Director of the National Theater and the Director General of the National Center for Arts of Châlons-en-Champagne (France) in 1998. The Medina contains some 700 monuments, including palaces, mosques, mausoleums, madrasas and fountains dating from the Almohad and the Hafsid periods. They support a range of residential and commercial buildings. The mosque in the Kasbah, was founded in 1230. [32] Five Japanese, two Colombians, and visitors from Italy, Poland, and Spain were among the dead. The education level is only exceeded by the neighbouring governorate of Ariana which has many institutions of education. Climate is the long-term average of weather, typically averaged over a period of 30 years. The temperatures are mild along the coast. Built in 1692, it resembles the Ottoman Süleymaniye Mosque in Istanbul. Unlike Algiers, Palermo and Naples, its historical heart has never suffered from major natural disasters or urban radical interventions. [16] The medina of Tunis, the oldest section of the city, dates from this period, during which the region was conquered by the Umayyad emir Hasan ibn al-Nu'man al-Ghasani. Following these conflicts, the city finally fell into Ottoman hands in August 1574. [51] As in the rest of Tunisia, literacy in the region of Tunis evolved rapidly during the second half of the 20th century and has reached a level slightly higher than the national average. The Gorjani garden, is an English garden located southwest of the city, which notably takes an irregular form, partly due to the steep topography of the land.[67]. In Tunis, the summers are short, hot, humid, dry, and clear and the winters are long, cold, windy, and partly cloudy. Still further north of the Belvedere Park, behind the Boulevard of 7 November are the neighborhoods of El Menzah and El Manar now reaching the peaks of the hills overlooking the north of the town. [73] One should also note the El Teatro and Étoile du Nord theater groups. The Musical Troupe of the City of Tunis was created in 1954 by Salah El Mahdi. There are also some mentions in ancient Roman sources of such names of nearby towns as Tuniza (now El Kala), Thunusuda (now Sidi-Meskin), Thinissut (now Bir Bouregba), and Thunisa (now Ras Jebel). North of the Avenue Bourguiba is the district of La Fayette, which is still home to the Great Synagogue of Tunis and the Habib Thameur Gardens, built on the site of an ancient Jewish cemetery which lay outside the walls. Such an operation would require the upgrading of the docks' TGM stations so that they become suitable for light rail trains. The city retains some of these gates including Bab El Khadra, Bab El Bhar and Bab Jedid but some of the earlier ones have long disappeared. In the middle there is a square where the former slave market stood until the middle of the 19th century. Because of the concentration of political authority (headquarters of the central government, presidency, parliament, ministries and central government) and culture (festivals and mainstream media), Tunis is the only nationally ranking metropolis. During each "cultural season" (from October 1 to 30 June) the theater holds over 80 events. Resources listed below summarize existing information on climate change impacts and greenhouse gas emissions in Tunisia. [23] Under the reign of Hussein Bey II, naval defeats by the British (1826) and French (1827) saw the French become increasingly active in the city and in the economy.[24]. The National Center of the Arts established the puppet theatre in 1976. [52] Tunis attracts foreign investors (33% of companies, 26% of investments and 27% of employment), excluding several areas due to economic imbalances. The winters are rainier than the summers in Tunis. [75] Tunis is the headquarters of the Greek Orthodox Holy Archdiocese of Carthage with jurisdiction over Algeria, Mauritania, Morocco, and Tunisia. It is now the subject of a redevelopment project including the construction of twin towers. It lies between latitudes 30° and 38°N, and longitudes 7° and 12°E. [63] This includes a network of Catholic buildings, including the Church of St. Joan of Arc, but also with the Protestant Reformed Church and the Anglican church Saint-Georges. The Station ID for Tunis Carthage is 11515111. [78] The library moved to its current location on Boulevard 9 April in 1938. Located in an old beylical palace (the palace of the Bey of Tunis since the end of the 18th century), the Bardo National Museum (Tunis) is the most important archaeological museum in the Maghreb, and has one of the richest Roman mosaic collections in the world. VIEW BY REGION United States Alaska Great Plains Hawaii Mid-Atlantic Midwest Northeast Rocky Mountains South Southwest West. Patriarchate of Alexandria and All Africa, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Graduate School of Communications of Tunis, Higher Institute of Technological Studies in Communications of Tunis, List of twin towns and sister cities in Tunisia, European enclaves in North Africa before 1830, "Tunisia: Governorates, Major Cities, Communes & Urban Agglomerations", "The Neo-Punic Inscriptions and Coin Legends", "Carthage – 1960, Page 11 by B. H. Warmington. Domestic architecture (palaces and townhouses), official and civilian (libraries and administrations), religious (mosques and zaouïas) and services (commercial and fondouks) are located in the Medina. These include Jebel Jelloud, located in the south-east of Tunis, which concentrates on the heavy industry of cement production, the treatment plant of phosphate s, etc. The Medina, built on a gentle hill slope on the way down to the Lake of Tunis, is the historical heart of the city and home to many monuments, including palaces, such as the Dar Ben Abdallah and Dar Hussein, the mausoleum of Tourbet el Bey or many mosques such as the Al-Zaytuna Mosque. The greater metropolitan area of Tunis, often referred to as "Grand Tunis", has about 2,700,000 inhabitants. The best time of year to visit Tunis in Tunisia. [82] The plan was for lines based on certain criteria such as population density and the lack of coverage for a given area. Heading east is the Tunis-Carthage International Airport and the neighborhoods of Borgel, giving his name to the existing Jewish and Christian cemeteries in the capital, and the neighbourhood of Montplaisir. Frosts are rare. [79], Built in the 17th century, the Dar Ben Achour also contains a library. It is also home to Tunis Zoo, which houses African fauna, and the Museum of Modern Art. [25] During the later 19th century, Tunis became increasingly populated by Europeans, particularly the French, and immigration dramatically increased the size of the city. Since national independence, the government of Tunisia has encouraged tourism projects and resorts in the Saharan region. Practicing the Hanafi rite since 1584, it is recognisable mainly by the dome as well as its minaret, similar to the Koutoubia in Marrakesh and is the highest in the city. The notion of public space is ambiguous in the case of Medina where the streets are seen as an extension of the houses and subject to social tags. [28] Average weather, temperature, rainfall, when to go, what to pack. As the capital of the country, Tunis is the focus of Tunisian political and administrative life and also the centre of the country's commercial and cultural activities. It took some time to run properly but soon organized meetings between the teams in schools. The revised Tunisian Constitution of 2014 similarly provides that the National Assembly is to sit in Tunis (article 51) and that the Presidency is based there (article 73).[47]. Many protests took place during the Arab Spring of 2011–12. Practicing the Maliki rite as the vast majority of Tunisia's Mosques. Some of the meteorological variables that are commonly measured are temperature, humidity, atmospheric pressure, wind, and precipitation. [35] The city is located at the crossroads of a narrow strip of land between Lake Tunis and Séjoumi. [86] The main roads to other Tunisian cities include: Autoroute A1, Tunis-Sfax; Autoroute A3, Tunis-Oued Zarga; and Autoroute A4, Tunis-Bizerte. Temperature records have been kept here from 1901–1939, 1949–1953, and 2000–2012. At the periphery are the souks Et Trouk, El Blat, El Blaghgia, El Kébabgia, En Nhas (copper), Es Sabbaghine (dyeing) and El Grana that sell clothing and blankets and was occupied by Jewish merchants.

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